WHO IS MAO TSE TUNG (MAO ZEDUNG)?
Born on 26 December 1893 in the village of Shaoshan in Hunan Province, in China’s south. His family are prosperous peasant farmers. He has two younger brothers and one sister.
Mao lives with his mother’s family in a neighbouring village until he is eight. He then returns to Shaoshan to begin his education. When he is 10 he runs away from school. Following his expulsion from at least three other schools, his father refuses to continue to pay for his education.
When he is 14 Mao enters an arranged marriage with a 18-year-old cousin called Luo, although he never lives with her and she dies in 1910. Mao is allowed to resume his schooling. At age 16, and against his father’s wishes, he leaves Shaoshan and enrols in a nearby higher primary school. It is during this period that his political consciousness begins to develop.
AKA Chairman Mao, AKA ‘The Great Helmsman’. (Tse-Tung can also be spelt Zedong. Translated the name means ‘To Shine on the East’.)
Kill tally: 14 to 20 million deaths from starvation during the ‘Great Leap Forward’. Tens of thousands killed and millions of lives ruined during the ‘Cultural Revolution’.
2005 – During the year the author Jung Chang releases a biography of Mao that claims that 70 million Chinese died as a result of his policies.
Asked in an interview “who was the real Mao Tse-Tung?”, Chang replies: “The real Mao was completely amoral. He rejected morality as an adult decision when he was 24-years-old and he said the world exists only for me. And from then on he pursued what he wanted with basically increasing power, first to become supreme party leader and then the supreme leader of China, and then to dominate the world. He single-mindedly pursued these goals throughout his life.
“After he took power he said many times things like, ‘we must conquer the Earth’, ‘we must set up an Earth control committee and make a uniform plan for the Earth’, or , ‘the Pacific Ocean isn’t going to be peaceful unless we take it over’. So he was pursuing his own power until he died. …
“He didn’t achieve his superpower dream, because Mao basically was economically hopeless, and he actually left China in a shambles. …
“Mao died full of self-pity that he didn’t make it. … But he never spared a thought for the 70 million deaths that his pursuit had cost the Chinese people.”
-MAO TSE TUNG-
was a Chinese Communist leader. Mao led the Communist Party of China (CPC) to victory against the Kuomintang (KMT) in the Chinese Civil War, and was the leader of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976. Chairman Mao has been regarded as one of the most important figures in modern world history, and named by Time Magazine as one of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century.He is officially held in high regard in China where he is known as a great revolutionary, political strategist, and military mastermind who defeated Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek in the Chinese Civil War, defeated the United States forces in the Korean War, and then through his policies transformed the country into a major world power armed with nuclear weapons. Additionally, Mao is viewed by many in China as a poet, philosopher, and visionary. However, Mao remains a controversial figure to this day, with a contentious and ever-evolving legacy. Critics blame many of Mao’s socio-political programs, such as the Great Leap Forward and the culture revolution, for causing severe damage to the culture, society, economy, and foreign relations of China, as well as a probable death toll in the tens of millions.The majority of the Chinese people regard Mao as the savior of the nation, who laid the military, political, economical, technological and cultural foundations of modern China. Many in China regard Mao as a deity.